Le varie segnature vengono rilegate per ottenere il volume.
Thanks a lot for checking out my site and I hope you have a good day. If some one wants to be updated with most recent technologies then he must be pay a visit this web site and be up to date daily. Thank you all for visiting my site. Have a great day! Do you need free proxies for your SEO tools? If you do, then this list is for you.
The list contains proxies for both posting and scraping. I hope you all are having a great week. Good luck with your backlinks! I hope you all are having a good weekend. This one contains more sites. This is a new list for today. You may find some proxies not working the way they should. There was also duplicates in the list. I hope you can make good use out of this list. I just added a new fresh list of links. I hope all of you had a great weekend.
All you need to do is load them into your SEO tools. Thanks for visiting my site. The list is a little smaller than usual. You should still be able to make good use out of it. I hope your week has started out good. I have a new list for you all. This list has more links than the others. I have a new fresh list of proxies available. Download the text file and put them to good use in your SEO tools. Please keep us informed like this. Thank you for sharing. I hope you all had a good week.
Thank you for visiting my site! I added a new list today. Read all about it by clicking the link above. Interesting information over this website. I spent 2hours looking for such tips. I will also share it with some friends interested in it.
Thank you very much!! Interesting informations over this web. I spent 1 hour looking for such tips. I will also share it with a couple of friends interested in it. I conceive this internet site has some very great information for everyone: Keep up the great piece of work, I read few content on this web site and I think that your web site is very interesting and contains bands of wonderful info.
I changed how I scrape to get more results. Read my post for more details. Interesting info over this website. Personally, if all webmasters and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be a lot more useful than ever before. I could not resist commenting. I have just bookmarked this website.
Whats up are using WordPress for your blog platform? Do you need any html coding expertise to make your own blog? Any help would be really appreciated! Your style is very unique in comparison to other people I ave read stuff from.
Thanks for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I all just bookmark this page. Can you recommend a good hosting provider at a honest price? Cheers, I appreciate it! I just added a brand new list. Check out my site to see the results.
The Zune concentrates on being a Portable Media Player. Not a web browser. Not a game machine. If those sound more compelling, perhaps it is your best choice. This is getting a bit more subjective, but I much prefer the Zune Marketplace. You then can listen to a playlist created based on an amalgamation of what all your friends are listening to, which is also enjoyable.
Those concerned with privacy will be relieved to know you can prevent the public from seeing your personal listening habits if you so choose. Apple now has Rhapsody as an app, which is a great start, but it is currently hampered by the inability to store locally on your iPod, and has a dismal 64kbps bit rate.
Most people compare the Zune to the Touch, but after seeing how slim and surprisingly small and light it is, I consider it to be a rather unique hybrid that combines qualities of both the Touch and the Nano. Usually I don at read post on blogs, however I wish to say that this write-up very compelled me to try and do so!
Your writing style has been amazed me. Thank you, very nice article. But should remark on few general things, The site style is great, the articles is really excellent D. I was recommended this website by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my difficulty.
I was suggested this website by my cousin. I am not sure whether this post is written by him as nobody else know such detailed about my trouble. I want to express some thanks to you for bailing me out of this incident. Because of surfing through the online world and meeting ideas which were not beneficial, I figured my life was over.
Your primary natural talent and kindness in playing with all the things was useful. I can now relish my future. Thanks so much for the reliable and amazing guide. I will not think twice to refer your web page to anybody who would need guide on this topic. Simply wanna input that you have a very decent website , I like the style and design it actually stands out. Wow, incredible blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?
The overall look of your site is wonderful, let alone the content! This blog is really cool and factual. I have found a bunch of interesting stuff out of this blog. I ad love to return again and again. Strange , this page turns up with a dark hue to it, what shade is the primary color on your webpage?
I simply stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that I have really loved surfing around your blog posts. I was more than happy to find this web-site. I wished to thanks for your time for this glorious learn!! I positively enjoying each little little bit of it and I have you bookmarked to check out new stuff you weblog post.
To create a such kind of article is really amazing,I daily read your blogs and give my announcement for that here this article is too great and so entertaining. Your style is so unique compared to other people I ave read stuff from.
I appreciate you for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I will just book mark this page. But, what about the bottom line? Are you sure about the source? This is really interesting, You are a very skilled blogger. I ave joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your excellent post. Also, I have shared your site in my social networks! I hope you all are having a great weekend. I have a new list for you.
Read the latest update on how I compiled the list. They are very convincing and can certainly work. Nonetheless, the posts are too short for newbies. May you please lengthen them a bit from subsequent time? Thanks for the post. A person necessarily assist to make significantly articles I would state.
This is the very first time I frequented your website page and to this point? I surprised with the analysis you made to make this actual submit amazing. Please allow me recognise in order that I may just subscribe. This can be one particular of the most useful blogs We have ever arrive across on this subject.
I am also an expert in this topic so I can understand your hard work. Well I definitely liked studying it. This subject provided by you is very constructive for accurate planning. Lucky me I ran across your blog by chance stumbleupon. I have saved as a favorite for later! Thanks a bunch for sharing this with all people you really know what you are talking about!
We may have a hyperlink change agreement among us! Utterly pent articles, appreciate it for information. He who establishes his argument by noise and command shows that his reason is weak. Interesting tips over here. In my opinion, if all site owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be much more useful than ever before.
I could not refrain from commenting. I have spent some time looking for such infos. Right now with the task done, I going to enjoy some World cup Cams. Regards from Russia WM! Spot on with this write-up, I really assume this web site needs rather more consideration.
I all most likely be once more to read much more, thanks for that info. Right now it sounds like BlogEngine is the top blogging platform available right now. I found it while browsing on Yahoo News. Do you have any suggestions on how to get listed in Yahoo News?
Hello there, You have done a fantastic job. I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this website?
I would be awesome if you could point me in the direction of a good platform. This unique blog is really interesting as well as informative. I have discovered many helpful things out of this blog. I ad love to return again soon. Attractive section of content. I just stumbled upon your site and in accession capital to claim that I acquire in fact enjoyed account your blog posts.
Any way I will be subscribing for your feeds and even I achievement you get right of entry to consistently quickly. Simply a smiling visitor here to share the love: Audacity, more audacity and always audacity. It is beautiful worth sufficient for me. In my view, if all site owners and bloggers made excellent content as you did, the web can be much more helpful than ever before.
Just want to say your article is as astounding. Well with your permission allow me to grab your feed to keep updated with forthcoming post. Thanks a million and please continue the gratifying work. This is by far the biggest list to date. Take care and happy link building. Wonderful items from I like to make use of a treatment for my personal itchy vagina because it helps keep me personally esteem as opposed to hearing simply a doctor.
It is pretty value enough for me. In my view, if all site owners and bloggers made just right content as you did, the internet will likely be much more useful than ever before. Utterly indited subject material, appreciate it for entropy. The earth was made round so we would not see too far down the road. It as not that I want to replicate your web-site, but I really like the style and design. Could you tell me which style are you using?
Or was it custom made? Your style is unique in comparison to other people I ave read stuff from. Many thanks for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I all just book mark this site. You created some decent points there. I looked on the internet for the problem and located most individuals will go along with along with your internet site.
Spot on with this write-up, I actually feel this website needs a lot more attention. I all probably be back again to see more, thanks for the info! I suppose its ok to use a few of your ideas!!
The things i have seen in terms of laptop or computer memory is that often there are features such as SDRAM, DDR and so on, that must fit the specific features of the motherboard.
Thanks for revealing your ideas. Thanks for your blog post. What I would like to bring up is that computer memory is required to be purchased should your computer is unable to cope with what you do along with it. One can mount two good old ram boards with 1GB each, by way of example, but not certainly one of 1GB and one with 2GB. The things i would like to make contributions about is that laptop memory has to be purchased in case your computer is unable to cope with what you do by using it.
Thanks for making me to obtain new thoughts about personal computers. A majority of these protective gear usually are model specific since they are made to fit perfectly within the natural outer shell. You can buy all of them directly from the owner, or via third party places if they are readily available for your laptop, however not all laptop can have a shell on the market.
Once again, thanks for your guidelines. But for internet surfing, microsoft word processing, and the majority of other popular computer work they are perfectly, provided you never mind the small screen size. Thanks for sharing your opinions.
Thanks for your post. I also believe that laptop computers are becoming more and more popular these days, and now will often be the only sort of computer utilized in a household.
The reason being at the same time potentially they are becoming more and more reasonably priced, their computing power is growing to the point where these are as highly effective as personal computers out of just a few years back. Thank you for sharing your thinking. They provide convenient ways to organize the home, pay bills, search for information, study, listen to music and in some cases watch tv programs.
An innovative technique to complete every one of these tasks is to use a laptop computer. These computers are mobile ones, small, effective and easily transportable. Thank you sharing your notions.
Thanks for sharing your ideas in this article. The other issue is that when a problem occurs with a laptop or computer motherboard, individuals should not go ahead and take risk involving repairing this themselves because if it is not done correctly it can lead to permanent damage to the entire laptop. It will always be safe just to approach your dealer of the laptop with the repair of the motherboard. They have technicians who definitely have an experience in dealing with laptop computer motherboard troubles and can make the right analysis and undertake repairs.
Please stay us up to date like this. I think other site proprietors should take this web site as an model, very clean and magnificent user friendly style and design, as well as the content. Thanks for your posting. I also feel that laptop computers are becoming more and more popular lately, and now will often be the only type of computer employed in a household.
This is due to the fact that at the same time actually becoming more and more inexpensive, their computing power is growing to the point where they can be as strong as personal computers coming from just a few years back. Along with every thing that appears to be developing throughout this specific subject material, a significant percentage of opinions are actually very exciting.
Nevertheless, I beg your pardon, because I do not give credence to your whole plan, all be it radical none the less. It seems to us that your opinions are not completely justified and in fact you are yourself not entirely confident of the argument. In any case I did appreciate examining it. Thank you for sharing excellent informations. Your web site is very cool.
It reveals how nicely you perceive this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for extra articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I found just the information I already searched all over the place and simply could not come across.
What an ideal web site. There is noticeably a lot to identify about this. I feel you made certain good points in features also.
I got what you mean , thankyou for posting. Woh I am pleased to find this website through google. Do you have any tips and hints for rookie blog writers? Wow, amazing weblog structure! How long have you ever been blogging for? The total look of your web site is great, let alone the content! I have learned newer and more effective things through your blog. One other thing I would like to say is the fact newer laptop or computer operating systems are inclined to allow more memory for use, but they in addition demand more ram simply to work.
Thanks for making me to obtain new thoughts about computer systems. I also have the belief that one of the best ways to keep your laptop computer in prime condition has been a hard plastic material case, and also shell, which fits over the top of your computer.
A majority of these protective gear are model precise since they are manufactured to fit perfectly over the natural casing. You can buy them directly from the owner, or through third party places if they are designed for your notebook, however not all laptop could have a spend on the market. Just as before, thanks for your guidelines.
A few things i have observed in terms of laptop memory is the fact there are features such as SDRAM, DDR and so forth, that must match the specs of the motherboard. Thanks for spreading your ideas.
Thanks for the tips you have contributed here. One more thing I would like to talk about is that laptop or computer memory specifications generally increase along with other improvements in the engineering.
For instance, whenever new generations of processors are brought to the market, there is certainly usually a matching increase in the type demands of both the computer system memory and hard drive room. This is because software program operated through these processors will inevitably surge in power to take advantage of the new technology.
One other thing I would like to say is that often newer laptop or computer operating systems tend to allow much more memory to be used, but they as well demand more ram simply to run. I also believe laptop computers are getting to be more and more popular these days, and now are sometimes the only type of computer utilized in a household.
I just found your web site and planned to say that i have really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. Some tips i have observed in terms of laptop or computer memory is always that there are specifications such as SDRAM, DDR and the like, that must go with the features of the mother board. Thanks for the guidelines you have discussed here. One more thing I would like to mention is that computer system memory demands generally rise along with other improvements in the know-how.
This is because the software operated by way of these processors will inevitably surge in power to leverage the new know-how. A few things i have seen in terms of computer system memory is there are specs such as SDRAM, DDR or anything else, that must go with the specific features of the motherboard.
Thanks for expressing your ideas. Some tips i have seen in terms of pc memory is the fact that there are specs such as SDRAM, DDR and many others, that must match up the specs of the mother board. In the event the machine can be running Windows XP, for instance, a memory limit is 3. Applying in excess of this would purely constitute any waste.
In case the machine is definitely running Windows XP, for instance, the actual memory ceiling is 3. Setting up more than this would simply constitute some sort of waste.
I have really learned result-oriented things through your blog. Thanks for the tips you have provided here. Something important I would like to talk about is that personal computer memory specifications generally increase along with other improvements in the technological know-how. This is because the software program operated by way of these processors will inevitably increase in power to make use of the new technological innovation. Thanks for helping me to gain new tips about desktops.
A majority of these protective gear are model unique since they are made to fit perfectly above the natural casing. You can buy all of them directly from the vendor, or via third party places if they are designed for your notebook computer, however not all laptop can have a cover on the market. Just as before, thanks for your suggestions.
What I have seen in terms of computer system memory is the fact there are specific features such as SDRAM, DDR and so forth, that must match the specs of the mother board. Thanks for discussing your ideas. It as fantastic that you are getting ideas from this post as well as from our argument made at this place. I have learned new things by means of your blog site.
What I would like to bring up is that laptop or computer memory has to be purchased but if your computer still cannot cope with everything you do with it. Thanks for making me to get new thoughts about pcs.
I also contain the belief that certain of the best ways to keep your laptop in primary condition is a hard plastic material case, or maybe shell, that will fit over the top of your computer.
These kind of protective gear will be model specific since they are made to fit perfectly within the natural outer shell.
You can buy them directly from the vendor, or via third party sources if they are intended for your laptop computer, however only a few laptop may have a shell on the market. Once more, thanks for your recommendations. After examine a few of the blog posts in your website now, and I actually like your manner of blogging. I bookmarked it to my bookmark website record and will likely be checking back soon.
Pls try my website online as properly and let me know what you think. I have realized some new things from your web site about desktops. They supply you with convenient ways in which to organize homes, pay bills, search for information, study, hear music as well as watch shows. An innovative way to complete these types of tasks is a laptop.
These computers are portable ones, small, powerful and portable. I need a specialist in this house to solve my problem. May be that is you! Taking a look ahead to see you. I wish to apprentice at the same time as you amend your web site, how could i subscribe for a weblog website? The account aided me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit familiar of this your broadcast provided brilliant clear idea. I have learned newer and more effective things via your blog site. One other thing I want to say is the fact that newer laptop or computer operating systems usually allow more memory to be utilized, but they also demand more ram simply to function.
There is noticeably a bundle to know about this. I assume you created specific nice points in functions also. Thanks for the recommendations you have discussed here. Something important I would like to mention is that personal computer memory demands generally increase along with other advancements in the engineering.
This is because the application operated by way of these cpus will inevitably rise in power to make use of the new technological know-how. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that I have really enjoyed browsing your blog posts.
In any case I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again soon! Birth, disease, old age and death, harass everyone without and exception. The laws of nature are so stringent that the even most powerful men, are crushed and reduced to bones or ashes at the end. No one has ever escaped the icy hands of mysterious death, in the past, neither will anyone, in the future.
Some tips i have seen in terms of pc memory is the fact that there are technical specs such as SDRAM, DDR etc, that must fit the specifications of the mother board. Thanks for sharing your ideas. In the event the machine is usually running Windows XP, for instance, the memory ceiling is 3. Using in excess of this would just constitute any waste. I was suggested this web site by my cousin.
I am not sure whether this post is written by him as no one else know such detailed about my problem. One thing I want to say is always that before purchasing more laptop memory, look into the machine into which it will be installed. In the event the machine is usually running Windows XP, for instance, a memory threshold is 3.
Using more than this would merely constitute just a waste. I have learned newer and more effective things through your site. As I website possessor I think the content material here is real fantastic, regards for your efforts.
You made some clear points there. I did a search on the subject matter and found most individuals will approve with your blog. You ought to acquire at the really the very least two minutes when you could possibly be brushing your tooth. I ave joined your feed and look forward to seeking more of your great post. Also, I have shared your website in my social networks! You completed a number of good points there. I did a search on the subject matter and found the majority of people will go along with with your blog.
Great amazing issues here. I am very satisfied to see your article. Thanks so much and i am having a look ahead to touch you.
Will you kindly drop me a mail? A lot of useful information here. And of course, thank you on your effort!
Today, considering the fast chosen lifestyle that everyone leads, credit cards get this amazing demand throughout the economy.
Thanks for sharing your ideas in credit cards. Today, with all the fast way of life that everyone leads, credit cards have a big demand throughout the economy. Persons out of every area of life are using the credit card and people who are not using the card have arranged to apply for even one. Thanks for spreading your ideas in credit cards. Today, taking into consideration the fast life-style that everyone leads, credit cards have a big demand throughout the economy.
Thanks for expressing your ideas on credit cards. Usually I do not read post on blogs, however I wish to say that this write-up very forced me to take a look at and do it! Your writing style has been surprised me. Hey, you used to write wonderful, but the last few posts have been kinda boring… I miss your tremendous writings. Past several posts are just a little bit out of track! Today, considering the fast lifestyle that everyone is having, credit cards have a huge demand throughout the market.
Persons coming from every area of life are using credit card and people who not using the credit card have prepared to apply for just one. Thanks for sharing your ideas about credit cards. Today, with all the fast way of life that everyone leads, credit cards get this amazing demand throughout the market.
Thanks for spreading your ideas about credit cards. It as actually a great and helpful piece of info. I am glad that you shared this useful info with us. Thanks for these guidelines. The Juno B1 Cabin Suitcase glides on four precision-made Hinomoto wheels a company which, according to obsessive fliers, is a standard-bearer of quality caster-making.
The thing is extraordinarily light at 5. The suitcase also has a handy built-in lock, and indestructible hard casing. But what I really love about it is how much I can fit. One thing is the fact one of the most popular incentives for using your credit card is a cash-back or perhaps rebate offer.
You can certainly see your enthusiasm in the work you write. The world hopes for even more passionate writers like you who aren at afraid to say how they believe.
Always follow your heart. One thing is always that one of the most prevalent incentives for applying your credit card is a cash-back or even rebate offer.
Definitely believe that which you said. Your favorite reason seemed to be on the internet the simplest thing to be aware of. You managed to hit the nail upon the top and also defined out the whole thing without having side effect , people can take a signal.
Will probably be back to get more. Whats up very nice website!! I will bookmark your site and take the feeds also? A good site wuth exciting content, that is what I need. Would you mind if I share your blog with my myspace group? Please let me know. Superb post however I was wanting to know if you could write a litte more on this subject? I am really impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your blog.
Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself? Anyway keep up the excellent quality writing, it is rare to see a nice blog like this one today. S Apologies for being off-topic but I had to ask! This piece of writing is truly a fastidious one it assists new the web people, who are wishing for blogging.
Hi are using WordPress for your blog platform? Do you require any html coding expertise to make your own blog? This is the very first time I frequented your website page and so far? I surprised with the analysis you made to create this particular put up incredible. This is an awesome entry. Thank you very much for the supreme post provided! I was looking for this entry for a long time, but I wasn at able to find a honest source. You could definitely see your expertise within the work yyou write.
All the time follow your heart. Thank you for another informative site. Where else could I get that kind of info written in such a perfect way? I just wanted to ask if you ever have any trouble with hackers? My last blog wordpress was hacked and I ended up losing many months of hard work due to no backup.
Do you have any methods to prevent hackers? Heya i am for the primary time here. I am hoping to offer something again and aid others such as you helped me. Do you know if they make any plugins to safeguard against hackers? For the reason that the admin of this site is working, no question very quickly it will be renowned, due to its quality contents. This post could not be written any better!
Reading through this post reminds me of my good old room mate! He always kept chatting about this. I will forward this write-up to him. Pretty sure he will have a good read. This is my first time go to see at here and i am actually pleassant to read all at single place.
Wow, awesome blog layout! The overall look of your web site is wonderful, let alone the content! You have touched some pleasant things here. Any way keep up wrinting. I needs to spend some time studying more or understanding more. Thank you for magnificent information I used to be on the lookout for this information for my mission. This awesome blog is definitely interesting as well as diverting.
I have picked up a lot of useful advices out of this source. I ad love to visit it again soon. Every weekend i used to pay a visit this web site, as i want enjoyment,as this this site conations truly fastidious funny material too. Hi, i think that i noticed you visited my blog so i came to go back the choose?.
I am attempting to in finding things to improve my website! I guess its ok to use a few of your concepts!! It is best to take part in a contest for among the finest blogs on the web. I all advocate this website! An attention-grabbing dialogue is value comment. Do you know if they make any plugins to protect against hackers?
Thanks for the marvelous posting! I actually enjoyed reading it, you will be a great author. I will be sure to bookmark your blog and will eventually come back at some point. I want to encourage you continue your great posts, have a nice evening! If you are going for most excellent contents like I do, simply pay a quick visit this web page all the time because it provides quality contents, thanks. I was curious if you ever considered changing the page layout of your blog?
Its very well written; I love what youve got to say. But maybe you could a little more in the way of content so people could connect with it better.
Youve got an awful lot of text for only having 1 or two images. Maybe you could space it out better? Hello just wanted to give you a quick heads up. The words in your post seem to be running off the screen in Internet explorer. The design look great though! Hope you get the problem solved soon. Someone necessarily assist to make severely articles I might state. That is the first time I frequented your web page and so far?
I surprised with the analysis you made to create this particular post incredible. Hi friends, how is the whole thing, and what you wish for to say regarding this piece of writing, in my view its actually awesome designed for me. I discovered your blog using msn. This is an extremely neatly written article.
These are in fact impressive ideas in on the topic of blogging. You have touched some good things here. Can you recommend a good internet hosting provider at a honest price?
Thank you, I appreciate it! Do you have any helpful hints for aspiring writers? Would you advise starting with a free platform like WordPress or go for a paid option?
Thanks designed for sharing such a pleasant idea, article is pleasant, thats why i have read it fully. Very helpful advice within this post! It is the little changes that will make the greatest changes.
I just could not depart your website prior to suggesting that I really loved the usual information a person supply to your visitors? Is going to be again frequently to check up on new posts. This is my first comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and say I truly enjoy reading through your articles. Thank you so much! It is pretty worth enough for me. In my opinion, if all web owners and bloggers made good content as you did, the net will be a lot more useful than ever before.
I simply stumbled upon your weblog and wanted to mention that I have truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. Do you have any tips and hints for inexperienced blog writers? Is anyone else having this problem or is it a issue on my end? I like the helpful information you provide in your articles. I was just searching for this information for a while. After 6 hours of continuous Googleing, at last I got it in your web site.
Generally the top web sites are full of garbage. After I initially left a comment I seem to have clicked the -Notify me when new comments are added- checkbox and now every time a comment is added I receive 4 emails with the same comment. Perhaps there is a way you are able to remove me from that service?
I was recommended this web site by means of my cousin. I am not positive whether this put up is written by means of him as no one else recognise such targeted approximately my trouble. I think the admin of this web page is in fact working hard in favor of his site, for the reason that here every data is quality based stuff. Also your website rather a lot up very fast! What web host are you using? Can I get your affiliate link in your host?
Your web-site is very cool. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this web page, will come back for more articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found just the info I already searched all over the place and simply could not come across. What a perfect website. I am very satisfied to see your post. Thanks a lot and I am having a look forward to contact you. Will you kindly drop me a e-mail?
This particular piece truly did turn the light on for me as far as this particular topic goes. However at this time there is one issue I am not really too cozy with so while I make an effort to reconcile that with the main idea of the point, let me observe just what all the rest of the readers have to say. I got what you intend, thanks for putting up. All life is an experiment. I loved as much as you will receive carried out right here.
The sketch is tasteful, your authored subject matter stylish. Do you have a spam issue on this website; I also am a blogger, and I was wondering your situation; we have created some nice procedures and we are looking to swap solutions with others, please shoot me an e-mail if interested.
Keep up the great work! You know, a lot of people are looking around for this info, you can help them greatly. Hmm is anyone else experiencing problems with the images on this blog loading? Any feed-back would be greatly appreciated. Someone in my Myspace group shared this website with us so I came to look it over.
Great blog and outstanding design. It is pretty value sufficient for me. In my view, if all web owners and bloggers made good content material as you probably did, the internet might be much more helpful than ever before. Thanks for some other excellent article. The place else may anyone get that type of information in such a perfect manner of writing? I needs to spend some time learning much more or understanding more.
Thanks for fantastic information I was looking for this info for my mission. I just stumbled upon your web site and in accession capital to assert that I get in fact enjoyed account your blog posts. Having read this I believed it was rather enlightening.
I appreciate you spending some time and energy to put this article together. I once again find myself spending a lot of time both reading and posting comments. But so what, it was still worth it! I need a specialist in this space to unravel my problem. Taking a look forward to see you. The goal is to find a method to provide a complete response, all while focusing on as small a region of investigation as possible. Do you have a spam problem on this blog; I also am a blogger, and I was wondering your situation; many of us have created some nice procedures and we are looking to exchange strategies with other folks, please shoot me an email if interested.
It appears as if some of the text on your posts are running off the screen. Can someone else please provide feedback and let me know if this is happening to them as well?
I just stumbled upon your blog and wanted to say that I have really enjoyed browsing your blog posts. I did however expertise a few technical points using this web site, as I experienced to reload the website a lot of times previous to I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your web host is OK? Ensure that you update this again very soon.
You made some decent factors there. I looked on the internet for the difficulty and found most individuals will go along with with your website. These are actually impressive ideas in regarding blogging.
You have touched some nice things here. My family members always say that I am killing my time here at web, however I know I am getting knowledge daily by reading thes good articles.
You realize thus significantly relating to this subject, made me personally consider it from numerous varied angles. Your own stuffs great. Always maintain it up!
Some really nice and useful information on this website, besides I believe the design and style holds excellent features.
For newest information you have to pay a quick visit web and on web I found this website as a finest web site for hottest updates. Is there anybody else getting the same RSS problems? Is going to be again frequently to investigate cross-check new posts. I like the valuable info you supply on your articles. I am moderately certain I will be informed plenty of new stuff right here! Good luck for the next!
I have just forwarded this onto a co-worker who had been conducting a little research on this. And he actually bought me dinner due to the fact that I found it for him… lol. Il prezzo molto basso di questo materiale, ricavato da stracci e quindi più abbondante della pergamena, ne favorisce la diffusione. Ma bisogna aspettare la seconda metà del XV secolo per incontrare il processo di stampa tradizionalmente attribuito ad un'invenzione del tedesco Gutenberg. Questo mezzo, permettendo l'accelerazione della produzione delle copie di testi contribuisce alla diffusione del libro e della cultura.
La parola membranae , letteralmente "pelli", è il nome che i romani diedero al codex di pergamena ; il dono che i citati distici dovevano accompagnare era quasi sicuramente una copia dell'opera completa di Marziale, quindici libri in forma di codice e non di rotolo, più comune in quell'epoca.
Altri suoi distici rivelano che tra i regali fatti da Marziale c'erano copie di Virgilio , di Cicerone e Livio.
Le parole di Marziale danno la distinta impressione che tali edizioni fossero qualcosa di recentemente introdotto. Quando c'era bisogno di più spazio di quello offerto da una singola tavoletta, gli scribi ne aggiungevano altre, impilate una sopra all'altra e legate insieme con una corda che passava nei buchi precedentemente forati su uno dei margini: Sono stati rinvenuti "taccuini" contenenti fino a dieci tavolette.
Nel tempo, furono anche disponibili modelli di lusso fatti con tavolette di avorio invece che di legno. Ad un certo punto i romani inventarono un taccuino più leggero e meno ingombrante, sostituendo legno o avorio con fogli di pergamena: Il passo fu breve dall'usare due o tre fogli come taccuino al legarne insieme una certa quantità per trascrivere testi estesi - in altre parole, creando un codex nel senso proprio che usiamo oggigiorno.
Ai romani va il merito di aver compiuto questo passo essenziale, e devono averlo fatto alcuni decenni prima della fine del I secolo d. Il grande vantaggio che offrivano rispetto ai rolli era la capienza, vantaggio che sorgeva dal fatto che la facciata esterna del rotolo era lasciata in bianco, vuota.
Il codice invece aveva scritte entrambe le facciate di ogni pagina, come in un libro moderno. La prima pagina porta il volto del poeta.
I codici di cui parlava erano fatti di pergamena ; nei distici che accompagnavano il regalo di una copia di Omero , per esempio, Marziale la descrive come fatta di "cuoio con molte pieghe".
Ma copie erano anche fatte di fogli di papiro. In Egitto , dove cresceva la pianta del papiro ed era centro della sua manifattura per materiale scrittorio, il codex di tale materiale era naturalmente più comune della pergamena: Quando i greci ed i romani disponevano solo del rotolo per scrivere libri, si preferiva usare il papiro piuttosto che la pergamena. È quindi logico credere che la stessa preferenza venisse usata per il codex quando questo divenne disponibile.
I ritrovamenti egiziani ci permettono di tracciare il graduale rimpiazzo del rotolo da parte del codice. Fece la sua comparsa in Egitto non molto dopo il tempo di Marziale, nel II secolo d. Il suo debutto fu modesto. A tutt'oggi sono stati rinvenuti 1. Verso il d. Il rotolo comunque aveva ancora parecchi secoli davanti a sé, ma solo per documenti; quello che la gente leggeva per piacere, edificazione o istruzione era praticamente tutto su codici. I ritrovamenti egiziani gettano luce anche sulla transizione del codex dal papiro alla pergamena.
Sebbene gli undici codici della Bibbia datati in quel secolo fossero papiracei, esistono circa 18 codici dello stesso secolo con scritti pagani e quattro di questi sono in pergamena. Non ne scegliemmo alcuno, ma ne raccogliemmo altri otto per i quali gli diedi dracme in conto. Deios, a quanto pare un libraio ambulante, voleva vendere una quantità di almeno quattordici codici di pergamena, che interessavano un residente del villaggio egiziano. Il codex tanto apprezzato da Marziale aveva quindi fatto molta strada da Roma.
Nel terzo secolo, quando tali codici divennero alquanto diffusi, quelli di pergamena iniziarono ad essere popolari. In breve, anche in Egitto , la fonte mondiale del papiro , il codice di pergamena occupava una notevole quota di mercato.
I codici più antichi che sono sopravvissuti fuori dall'Egitto risalgono al quarto e quinto secolo d. Sono tutti di pergamena, edizioni eleganti, scritti in elaborata calligrafia su sottili fogli di pergamena. Per tali edizioni di lusso il papiro era certamente inadatto. In almeno un'area, la giurisprudenza romana , il codex di pergamena veniva prodotto sia in edizioni economiche che in quelle di lusso.
Titoli di compilazioni celebri, il Codice teodosiano promulgato nel , ed il Codice giustinianeo promulgato nel , indicano che gli imperatori li facevano scrivere su codici, sicuramente di pergamena dato che erano più duraturi e più capienti e inoltre di ottima qualità, dato che erano prodotti sotto l'egida dell'imperatore. Dall'altro lato, basandoci sulle annotazioni di Libanio , intellettuale del IV secolo che nelle sue molteplici attività faceva anche l'insegnante di legge , si apprende che i libri di testo dei suoi studenti erano codici di pergamena.
Le ragioni erano buone: La caduta dell'Impero romano nel V secolo d. Il papiro divenne difficile da reperire a causa della mancanza di contatti con l' Antico Egitto e la pergamena , che per secoli era stata tenuta in secondo piano, divenne il materiale di scrittura principale. I monasteri continuarono la tradizione scritturale latina dell' Impero romano d'Occidente. La tradizione e lo stile dell' Impero romano predominava ancora, ma gradualmente emerse la cultura del libro medievale.
I monaci irlandesi introdussero la spaziatura tra le parole nel VII secolo. Essi adottarono questo sistema perché leggevano con difficoltà le parole latine. L'innovazione fu poi adottata anche nei Paesi neolatini come l'Italia , anche se non divenne comune prima del XII secolo.
Si ritiene che l'inserimento di spazi tra le parole abbia favorito il passaggio dalla lettura semi-vocalizzata a quella silenziosa. Prima dell'invenzione e della diffusione del torchio tipografico , quasi tutti i libri venivano copiati a mano, il che li rendeva costosi e relativamente rari.
I piccoli monasteri di solito possedevano al massimo qualche decina di libri, forse qualche centinaio quelli di medie dimensioni. In Età carolingia le più grandi collezioni raccoglievano circa volumi; nel Basso Medioevo la biblioteca pontificia di Avignone e la biblioteca della Sorbona di Parigi possedevano circa 2. Il processo della produzione di un libro era lungo e laborioso. Il supporto di scrittura più usato nell'Alto Medioevo, la pergamena, o vellum pelle di vitello , doveva essere preparato, poi le pagine libere venivano pianificate e rigate con uno strumento appuntito o un piombo , dopo di che il testo era scritto dallo scriba , che di solito lasciava aree vuote a scopo illustrativo e rubricativo.
Infine, il libro veniva rilegato dal rilegatore . Le copertine erano fatte di legno e ricoperte di cuoio. Poiché la pergamena secca tende ad assumere la forma che aveva prima della trasformazione, i libri erano dotati di fermagli o cinghie. In quest'epoca si usavano differenti tipi di inchiostro , usualmente preparati con fuliggine e gomma, e più tardi anche con noce di galla e solfato ferroso.
Esistono testi scritti in rosso o addirittura in oro, e diversi colori venivano utilizzati per le miniature. A volte la pergamena era tutta di colore viola e il testo vi era scritto in oro o argento per esempio, il Codex Argenteus.
Per tutto l'Alto Medioevo i libri furono copiati prevalentemente nei monasteri, uno alla volta. Il sistema venne gestito da corporazioni laiche di cartolai , che produssero sia materiale religioso che profano . Nelle prime biblioteche pubbliche i libri venivano spesso incatenati ad una libreria o scrivania per impedirne il furto.
Questi libri furono chiamati libri catenati. Vedi illustrazione a margine. L' ebraismo ha mantenuto in vita l'arte dello scriba fino ad oggi. Secondo la tradizione ebraica, il rotolo della Torah posto nella sinagoga deve esser scritto a mano su pergamena e quindi un libro stampato non è permesso, sebbene la congregazione possa usare libri di preghiere stampati e copie della Bibbia ebraica possano esser utilizzate per studio fuori della sinagoga. Lo scriba ebraico sofer è altamente rispettato nell'ambito della comunità ebraica osservante.
Anche gli arabi produssero e rilegarono libri durante il periodo medievale islamico , sviluppando tecniche avanzate di calligrafia araba , miniatura e legatoria.
Un certo numero di città del mondo islamico medievale furono sede di centri di produzione libraria e di mercati del libro. Col metodo di controllo, solo "gli autori potevano autorizzare le copie, e questo veniva fatto in riunioni pubbliche, in cui il copista leggeva il testo ad alta voce in presenza dell'autore, il quale poi la certificava come precisa".
In xilografia , un'immagine a bassorilievo di una pagina intera veniva intarsiata su tavolette di legno, inchiostrata e usata per stampare le copie di quella pagina. Questo metodo ebbe origine in Cina , durante la Dinastia Han prima del a. Il libro più antico stampato con questo sistema è il Sutra del Diamante d. I monaci o altri che le scrivevano, venivano pagati profumatamente.
Questa invenzione gradualmente rese i libri meno laboriosi e meno costosi da produrre e più ampiamente disponibili. La stampa è una delle prime e più importanti forme di produzione in serie. I primi libri stampati, i singoli fogli e le immagini che furono creati prima del in Europa, sono noti come incunaboli.
Folio 14 recto del Vergilius romanus che contiene un ritratto dell'autore Virgilio. Da notare la libreria capsa , il leggio ed il testo scritto senza spazi in capitale rustica. Leggio con libri catenati , Biblioteca Malatestiana di Cesena. Incunabolo del XV secolo. Si noti la copertina lavorata, le borchie d'angolo e i morsetti.
Insegnamenti scelti di saggi buddisti , il primo libro stampato con caratteri metallici mobili, Bibliothèque nationale de France. Le macchine da stampa a vapore diventarono popolari nel XIX secolo. Queste macchine potevano stampare 1. Le macchine tipografiche monotipo e linotipo furono introdotte verso la fine del XIX secolo.
Potevano impostare più di 6. I secoli successivi al XV videro quindi un graduale sviluppo e miglioramento sia della stampa, sia delle condizioni di libertà di stampa , con un relativo rilassamento progressivo delle legislazioni restrittive di censura. A metà del XX secolo , la produzione libraria europea era salita a oltre Nella seconda metà del XX secolo la tecnologia informatica ha reso possibile con la diffusione di libri in formato elettronico, poi chiamati eBook o e-book da electronic book ,una rivoluzione in quanto come ha evidenziato il bibliofilo Nick Carr dalle caratterestiche della carta stampata ovvero: Nel  nasce il Progetto Gutenberg , lanciato da Michael S.
Hart , la prima biblioteca di versioni elettroniche liberamente riproducibili di libri stampati. L'uso degli eBook al posto dei libri stampati si è tuttavia diffuso solo all'inizio del XXI secolo .
I libri a stampa sono prodotti stampando ciascuna imposizione tipografica su un foglio di carta. Il foglio stampato viene poi opportunamente piegato per ottenere un fascicolo o segnatura di più pagine progressive. Le varie segnature vengono rilegate per ottenere il volume. L'apertura delle pagine, specialmente nelle edizioni in brossura , era di solito lasciata al lettore fino agli anni sessanta del XX secolo , mentre ora le segnature vengono rifilate direttamente dalla tipografia.
Nei libri antichi il formato dipende dal numero di piegature che il foglio subisce e, quindi, dal numero di carte e pagine stampate sul foglio. Nei libri moderni il formato è dato dall'altezza in centimetri, misurata al frontespizio , entro un minimo e un massimo convenzionalmente stabilito. Il termine " tascabile " riferito al libro rappresenta un concetto commerciale e identifica libri economici stampati in sedicesimo, la cui diffusione, a partire dall'ultimo Ottocento ma soprattutto nella seconda metà del XX secolo , ha permesso un notevole calo dei prezzi.
Sostanzialmente - sia per il formato, sia per l'economicità - esso trova precedenti nella storia del libro anteriore alla stampa, già a partire dall'antichità il "libro che sta in una mano": Le "carte di guardia", o risguardi, o sguardie, sono le carte di apertura e chiusura del libro vero e proprio, che collegano materialmente il corpo del libro alla coperta o legatura. Non facendo parte delle segnature , non sono mai contati come pagine.
La loro utilità pratica è evidente in libri cartonati, o rilegati in tela, pelle o pergamena, dove aiutano a tenere unita la coperta rigida al blocco del libro. Nel libro antico le sguardie, poste a protezione delle prime pagine stampate o manoscritte del testo, contribuiscono a tenerlo insieme alla copertina con spaghi o fettucce passanti nelle cuciture al dorso; nel libro moderno è invece la garza che unisce i fascicoli alla copertina.
Si chiama "controguardia" la carta che viene incollata su ciascun "contropiatto" la parte interna del "piatto" della coperta, permettendone il definitivo ancoraggio.
In origine era costituito dalla firma del copista o dello scriba, e riportava data, luogo e autore del testo; in seguito fu la formula conclusiva dei libri stampati nel XV e XVI secolo che conteneva, spesso in inchiostro rosso, il nome dello stampatore, luogo e data di stampa e l'insegna dell'editore.
Di norma i fascicoli che costituiscono il libro vengono tenuti insieme da un involucro detto appunto '"coperta" o "copertina", è la parte più esterna del libro spesso rigida e illustrata.
Usata raramente fino a tutto il Settecento quando solitamente l'editore vendeva i libri slegati o applicava una semplice copertina di protezione, che veniva poi gettata dal legatore divenne molto popolare a partire dai primi anni dell' Ottocento , forse su impulso degli stampatori Brasseur di Parigi .
Nel libro antico poteva essere rivestita di svariati materiali: Poteva essere decorata con impressioni a secco o dorature. Ciascuno dei due cartoni che costituiscono la copertina viene chiamato piatto.
I piatti hanno dimensioni leggermente più ampie rispetto al corpo del volume. La parte che sporge oltre il margine dei fogli è chiamata unghiatura , o unghia o cassa. Essa è anche realizzata nelle segnature fogli piegati per facilitare la raccolta o l'assemblaggio di un opuscolo.
Nel libro moderno la coperta è costituita dai due piatti e da un "dorso", per le cosiddette copertine rigide "legature a cartella" o "Bradel" o "cartonato" , oppure da un cartoncino più o meno spesso che, opportunamente piegato lungo la linea del dorso, abbraccia il blocco delle carte. In quest'ultimo caso si parla di brossura e l'unghiatura è assente. Nata con funzioni prettamente pratiche quali la protezione del blocco delle carte e il permetterne la consultabilità, la coperta assume nel tempo funzioni e significati diversi, non ultimo quello estetico e rappresentativo.
Nel XIX secolo la coperta acquista una prevalente funzione promozionale. Con la meccanizzazione e la diffusione dell'industria tipografica vengono introdotti altri tipi di legature e coperte, più economiche e adatte alle lavorazioni automatiche. Il cartonato si diffonde nel XIX secolo, preferito per economicità, robustezza e resa del colore. Ha caratterizzato a lungo l'editoria per l'infanzia e oggi, ricoperto da una "sovraccoperta", costituisce il tratto caratteristico delle edizioni maggiori.
Modernamente la brossura è un sistema di legatura in cui i fascicoli o segnature vengono fresate dal lato del dorso e i fogli sciolti vengono incollati a una striscia di tela o plastica sempre al dorso cosiddetta "brossura fresata". Le "alette" o "bandelle" comunemente dette "risvolti di copertina" sono le piegature interne della copertina o della sovraccoperta vedi infra.
Copyright © 2017 · All Rights Reserved · Maine Council of Churches